Generic Name: barium sulfate (oral and rectal) (BER ee um SUL fate)Brand names: Anatrast, Baricon, Baro-Cat, Barosperse, CheeTah, CheeTah Butterscotch, CheeTah Chocolaty-Fudge, CheeTah Orange, CheeTah Raspberry, E-Z AC, E-Z Dose Kit with Polibar Plus, E-Z-Cat, E-Z-HD, E-Z-Paque, Eneset 2, Entero-H, Entrobar, Esopho-Cat, Liqui-Coat HD, Liquid Polibar, Medebar Plus, Medebar Super 250, Readi-Cat, Readi-Cat 2, Scan C, Smoothie Readi-Cat 2, Sol-O-Pake, Tonojug, Tonopaque, Varibar Nectar, Varibar Pudding, Varibar Thin, Varibar Thin Honey, Volumen, ...show all 55 brand names.Barotrast, Bar-Test, Esophotrast, Oratrast, Bear-E-Yum GI, Esobar, Intropaste, Liquid Barosperse, Entero VU, Maxibar, Cheetah, Liquid E-Z Paque, Lafayette, Barosphere, CheeTah Rasberry, Tagitol V, E-Z Paste, E-Z Disk, Enecat, Liquid Polibar Plus, E-Z-Cat Dry
Barium sulfate is in a group of drugs called contrast agents. Barium sulfate works by coating the inside of your esophagus, stomach, or intestines which allows them to be seen more clearly on a CT scan or other radiologic (x-ray) examination.
Barium sulfate is used to help diagnose certain disorders of the esophagus, stomach, or intestines.
Barium sulfate may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Before you use barium sulfate, tell your doctor if you have any allergies, or if you have asthma, cystic fibrosis, heart disease or high blood pressure, rectal cancer, a colostomy, a blockage in your stomach or intestines, a condition called pseudotumor cerebri, or if you have recently had a rectal biopsy or surgery on your esophagus, stomach, or intestines.Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breast-feeding before your medical test.
Carefully follow your doctor's instructions about what to eat or drink within the 24-hour period before your test.Serious side effects of barium sulfate may include severe stomach pain, sweating, ringing in your ears, pale skin, weakness, or severe cramping, diarrhea, or constipation
If you have any of these other conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use barium sulfate:
asthma, eczema, or allergies;
a blockage in your stomach or intestines;
heart disease or high blood pressure;
Hirschsprung's disease (a disorder of the intestines);
a condition called pseudotumor cerebri (high pressure inside the skull that may cause headaches, vision loss, or other symptoms);
a recent history of surgery on your esophagus, stomach, or intestines;
a history of perforation (a hole or tear) in your esophagus, stomach, or intestines;
if you have recently had a rectal biopsy;
if you have ever choked on food by accidentally inhaling it into your lungs;
if you are allergic to simethicone (Gas-X, Phazyme, and others); or
if you are allergic to latex rubber.
Take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take it in larger amounts or for longer than recommended.
Barium sulfate comes in tablets, paste, cream, or liquid forms.
In some cases, barium sulfate is taken by mouth. The liquid form may also be used as a rectal enema.
You may need to begin taking this medication at home a day before your medical test. Follow your doctor's instructions about how much of the medication to use and how often.
If you are receiving barium sulfate as a rectal enema, a healthcare professional will give you the medication at the clinic or hospital where your testing will take place.Do not crush, chew, or break a barium sulfate tablet. Swallow the pill whole.
Dissolve the barium sulfate powder in a small amount of water. Stir this mixture and drink all of it right away. To make sure you get the entire dose, add a little more water to the same glass, swirl gently and drink right away.If you receive the medication as a liquid to take by mouth, shake the liquid well just before you measure a dose. To be sure you get the correct dose, measure the liquid with a marked measuring spoon or medicine cup, not with a regular table spoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.
Carefully follow your doctor's instructions about what to eat or drink within the 24-hour period before your test.Store this medication at room temperature away from heat and moisture. Keep the bottle tightly closed when not in use.
If you are taking barium sulfate at home, call your doctor for instructions if you miss a dose.
Overdose symptoms may include severe stomach pain, ongoing diarrhea, confusion, or weakness.
Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity while you are using barium sulfate.
severe stomach pain;
severe cramping, diarrhea, or constipation;
ringing in your ears;
confusion, fast heart rate; or
pale skin, weakness.
Less serious side effects may include:
mild stomach cramps;
loose stools or mild constipation.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Usual Adult Dose for Computed Tomography:
The volume and concentration of the barium sulfate to be administered will depend on the degree and extent of contrast required in the areas under examination and on the equipment and technique employed.Examination is commonly performed in association with an upper GI series. Under these circumstances, the patient should have nothing to eat or drink after midnight before the examination. The morning of the examination, the patient may wash the mouth with water but should not swallow the water.
There may be other drugs that can interact with barium sulfate. Tell your doctor about all your prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.