Zolpidem Generic Name:
Zolpidem (zole-PI-dem)Brand Name:
Zolpidem is used for:
Short-term treatment of insomnia (trouble falling asleep).
Zolpidem is a sedative-hypnotic, or sleep medicine. It works by helping to increase certain natural chemicals in the brain that cause sleep.
Do NOT use Zolpidem if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in Zolpidem
- you are taking sodium oxybate (GHB)
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using Zolpidem :
Some medical conditions may interact with Zolpidem . Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have kidney or liver problems, lung or breathing problems (eg, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD], sleep apnea), myasthenia gravis, metabolism problems, heart or blood pressure problems, or very poor health
- if you have a history of mood or mental problems (eg, depression), suicidal thoughts or behaviors, or alcohol or substance abuse or addiction
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Zolpidem . Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- HIV protease inhibitors (eg, ritonavir), ketoconazole, or sodium oxybate (GHB) because they may increase the risk of Zolpidem 's side effects
- Rifampin because it may decrease Zolpidem 's effectiveness
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Zolpidem may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use Zolpidem :
Use Zolpidem as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Zolpidem comes with an extra patient information sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it carefully. Read it again each time you get Zolpidem refilled.
- Take Zolpidem by mouth. Do not take it with or right after a meal, because it may not work as well.
- Zolpidem works very quickly; use it right before going to sleep.
- Wash and completely dry your hands before you take Zolpidem . Do not handle the tablet with wet or damp hands.
- Do not remove the tablet from the pack until you are ready to take Zolpidem . Use the tablet immediately after opening the blister pack. Do not store the removed tablet for future use.
- To remove Zolpidem from the blister pack, separate the individual blisters at the perforations. Peel off the top layer of paper, and push the tablet through the foil.
- Place the tablet under your tongue and allow it to slowly dissolve. Do not swallow, crush, or chew Zolpidem .
- Do not take Zolpidem with water. Do not eat, drink, or smoke while the tablet is dissolving.
- Use Zolpidem only when you are able to get a full night's sleep (7 to 8 hours).
- If you miss a dose of Zolpidem , skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once, and do not take more than your total daily dose in any 24-hour period.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Zolpidem .
Important safety information:
- Zolpidem may cause drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision, or lightheadedness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Zolpidem with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Do not drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using Zolpidem ; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness.
- Do NOT take more than the recommended dose or use for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor.
- When you first start taking Zolpidem , it may have a "carryover" effect on you the next day. Use extreme care while doing anything that requires complete alertness (eg, driving a car).
- Zolpidem is usually used only for a short period of time. If your symptoms do not get better within 7 to 10 days or if they get worse, check with your doctor.
- Sleep medicines may cause a special type of memory loss or amnesia. To prevent memory problems, be sure to use Zolpidem only when you are able to get a full night's sleep (7 to 8 hours) before you need to be active again. Be sure to talk to your health care provider if you think you are having memory problems.
- Some patients taking Zolpidem have performed certain activities while they were not fully awake. These have included sleep-driving, making and eating food, making phone calls, and having sex. Patients often do not remember these events after they happen. Such an event may be more likely to occur if you use a high dose of Zolpidem . It may also be more likely if you drink alcohol or take other medicines that may cause drowsiness while you use Zolpidem . Tell your doctor right away if such an event happens to you.
- Use Zolpidem with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially dizziness or drowsiness.
- Zolpidem should not be used in CHILDREN younger than 18 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed. Children may be more sensitive to Zolpidem 's side effects, especially dizziness, headache, and hallucinations.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Zolpidem while you are pregnant. Zolpidem may cause prolonged sleep in the fetus when used during the last weeks of pregnancy. Zolpidem is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Zolpidem , check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.
When sleep medicines are used every night for more than a few weeks, they may lose their effectiveness to help you sleep. This is known as TOLERANCE. Sleep medicines should usually be used only for short periods of time, such as a few days and generally no longer than 1 or 2 weeks. If your sleep problems continue, contact your doctor.
When used for longer than a few weeks or at high doses, some people develop a need to continue taking Zolpidem . This is known as DEPENDENCE or addiction. Be sure to tell your doctor if you have been dependent on alcohol, prescription medicines, or street drugs in the past.
If you stop taking Zolpidem suddenly, you may have WITHDRAWAL symptoms. This may include unpleasant feelings. In more severe cases, you may have stomach and muscle cramps, vomiting, sweating, and shakiness. Seizures may rarely occur. If you take Zolpidem for more than 1 to 2 weeks, do not stop taking it without talking to your doctor.
Possible side effects of Zolpidem :
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness (including daytime drowsiness); "drugged" feeling; dry mouth; headache; nausea; nose or throat irritation; sluggishness; stomach upset; tiredness.Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the hands, legs, mouth, face, lips, eyes, throat, or tongue; unusual hoarseness); abnormal thinking; behavior changes; chest pain; confusion; decreased coordination; difficulty swallowing or breathing; fainting; fast or irregular heartbeat; hallucinations; memory problems (eg, memory loss); mental or mood changes (eg, aggression, agitation, anxiety, depression); severe dizziness; shortness of breath; suicidal thoughts or actions; vision changes.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center (http://www.aapcc.org), or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include coma; severe drowsiness.Proper storage of Zolpidem :
Store Zolpidem at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Zolpidem out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about Zolpidem , please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Zolpidem is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
This information is summary only. It does not contain all information about Zolpidem . If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
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