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Drugs reference index «Ketamine»



Generic Name: Ketamine (KEET-uh-MEEN)Brand Name: Ketalar

Psychological effects ranging from pleasant, dream-like states to delirium have occurred as Ketamine wears off. Be sure to have a responsible adult to monitor and assist you for up to 24 hours after you receive Ketamine .

Ketamine is used for:

Inducing anesthesia (lack of sensation or feeling) before surgery or certain procedures that do not require skeletal muscle relaxation. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Ketamine is an anesthetic. It works by selectively interrupting certain pathways of the brain to inhibit painful sensations.

Do NOT use Ketamine if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in Ketamine
  • you have a condition in which a large increase in blood pressure would be harmful

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Ketamine :

Some medical conditions may interact with Ketamine . Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if you have had head trauma or injury, bleeding in the brain, a stroke, increased spinal fluid pressure, increased pressure in the eye, an eye injury, heart problems, severe or uncontrolled high blood pressure, mental disorders, or thyroid problems
  • if you drink 3 or more alcohol-containing drinks a day

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Ketamine . Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Amiodarone or droxidopa because serious side effects, such as abnormal heart rhythms, may occur

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Ketamine may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Ketamine :

Use Ketamine as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Ketamine is usually administered as an injection at your doctor's office, hospital, or clinic by those experienced in administering general anesthetics and in maintenance of an airway and in the control of respiration.
  • If Ketamine contains particles or is discolored, or if the vial is cracked or damaged in any way, do not use it.
  • Ketamine works best if taken on any empty stomach.
  • Keep this product, as well as syringes and needles, out of the reach of children and away from pets. Do not reuse needles, syringes, or other materials. Dispose of properly after use. Ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain local regulations for proper disposal.
  • If you miss a dose of Ketamine , contact your doctor immediately.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Ketamine .

Important safety information:

  • Ketamine may cause drowsiness for up to 24 hours. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous for at least 24 hours following surgery until you know how you react to Ketamine . Using Ketamine alone, with certain other medicines, or with alcohol may lessen your ability to drive or perform other potentially dangerous tasks.
  • Ketamine may cause hallucinations or unpleasant dreams that usually go away within 24 hours.
  • Ketamine is not recommended for use in CHILDREN younger than 16 years of age. Safety and effectiveness in this age group have not been confirmed.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: It is unknown if Ketamine can cause harm to the fetus. If you become pregnant while taking Ketamine , discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Ketamine during pregnancy. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are using Ketamine , check with your doctor or pharmacist to discuss the risks to your baby.

Possible side effects of Ketamine :

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Blurred vision; confusion; drowsiness; increased or decreased blood pressure or heart rate; mental or mood changes; nausea; nightmares; vomiting.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); difficulty talking; irregular heart rhythms; muscle tightness; pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site; slowed breathing.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center (http://www.aapcc.org), or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include severe slowing or stopping of breathing.

Proper storage of Ketamine :

Ketamine is usually handled and stored by a health care provider. Keep Ketamine out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about Ketamine , please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Ketamine is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Ketamine . If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

  • ketamine Concise Consumer Information (Cerner Multum)
  • Ketalar Prescribing Information (FDA)

See Also...