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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs reference index «Heparin»



Generic Name: Heparin (HEP-a-rin)Brand Name: Generic only. No brands available.

Heparin is used for:

Preventing harmful blood clots.

Heparin is an anticoagulant. It works by blocking reactions in the body that lead to blood clots.

Do NOT use Heparin if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in Heparin
  • you have uncontrolled high blood pressure
  • you have uncontrolled bleeding or low blood platelet counts

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Heparin :

Some medical conditions may interact with Heparin . Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if you have a catheter, a blood disorder (eg, hemophilia), liver or kidney problems, a puncture of the spinal cord, or von Willebrand disease
  • if you have recently had brain, eye, or spinal surgery, or recently had an injury
  • if you have heart problems, high blood pressure, menstrual problems, or a history of ulcers or other stomach problems
  • if you have a fever or infection, or a history of blood conditions or brain hemorrhage

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Heparin . Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Antihistamines (eg, diphenhydramine), digitalis (eg, digoxin), nicotine, or tetracyclines (eg, doxycycline) because they may decrease Heparin 's effectiveness
  • Dipyridamole, hydroxychloroquine, injectable cephalosporins (eg, cefuroxime), injectable penicillins (eg, penicillin), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (eg, ibuprofen), or salicylates (eg, aspirin) because the risk of bleeding may be increased
  • Sulfonylureas (eg, glyburide) because side effects, such as low blood sugar, may occur

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Heparin may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Heparin :

Use Heparin as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Heparin is usually given as an injection at your doctor's office, hospital, or clinic. If you will be using Heparin at home, a health care provider will teach you how to use it. Be sure you understand how to use Heparin . Follow the procedures you are taught when you use a dose. Contact your health care provider if you have any questions.
  • Do not use Heparin if it contains particles, is cloudy or discolored, or if the vial is cracked or damaged.
  • Keep this product, as well as syringes and needles, out of the reach of children and pets. Do not reuse needles, syringes, or other materials. Ask your health care provider how to dispose of these materials after use. Follow all local rules for disposal.
  • If you miss a dose of Heparin , contact your doctor.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Heparin .

Important safety information:

  • Additional monitoring of your dose or conditions may be needed if you are taking dicumarol or warfarin.
  • Heparin may reduce the number of clot-forming cells (platelets) in your blood. Avoid activities that may cause bruising or injury. Tell your doctor if you have unusual bruising or bleeding. Tell your doctor if you have dark, tarry, or bloody stools.
  • Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) and Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and thrombosis (HITT) are serious side effects that may occur with the use of Heparin . They may also occur for up to several weeks after you stop taking Heparin . Contact your doctor right away if you develop calf or leg pain, tenderness, or swelling; chest pain; confusion; coughing up blood; lower back pain; numbness or color change of the skin, fingers, or toes; one-sided numbness or weakness; shortness of breath; slurred speech; sudden severe headache; or vision problems.
  • Tell your doctor or dentist that you use Heparin before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
  • Lab tests, including platelet counts, may be performed while you use Heparin . These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
  • Use Heparin with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially bleeding.
  • Heparin may have benzyl alcohol in it. Do not use products that contain benzyl alcohol in NEWBORNS or INFANTS. Serious and sometimes fatal nervous system problems and other side effects may occur. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Heparin while you are pregnant. Heparin is not found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are using Heparin , check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

Possible side effects of Heparin :

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Irritation or mild pain at the injection site.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); black, tarry, or bloody stools; bleeding from gums when brushing or flossing teeth; blood in the urine; calf or leg pain, tenderness, or swelling; chest pain; confusion; coughing up blood; excessive bleeding from cuts; fever or chills; increased menstrual bleeding; lower back pain; nosebleeds; numbness or color change of the skin, fingers, or toes; one-sided numbness or weakness; severe headache or dizziness; severe or persistent pain, swelling, or redness at the injection site; shortness of breath; slurred speech; stomach pain or swelling; unexplained vaginal bleeding; unusual bruising; vision problems; vomit that looks like coffee grounds.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center (http://www.aapcc.org), or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include blood in urine; nosebleeds; stomach pain or swelling; tarry stools; unexplained bleeding and bruising; vomiting blood.

Proper storage of Heparin :

Store Heparin at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Keep Heparin out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about Heparin , please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Heparin is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Heparin . If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

  • Heparin Prescribing Information (FDA)
  • Heparin Professional Patient Advice (Wolters Kluwer)
  • heparin Concise Consumer Information (Cerner Multum)
  • heparin Intravenous, Subcutaneous Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information

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