Narcissistic personality disorder is a condition in which there is an inflated sense of self-importance and an extreme preoccupation with one's self.
The cause of this disorder is unknown. Narcissistic personality disorder usually begins by early adulthood.
A person with narcissistic personality disorder:
- Reacts to criticism with rage, shame, or humiliation
- Takes advantage of other people to achieve his or her own goals
- Has feelings of self-importance
- Exaggerates achievements and talents
- Is preoccupied with fantasies of success, power, beauty, intelligence, or ideal love
- Has unreasonable expectations of favorable treatment
- Requires constant attention and admiration
- Disregards the feelings of others, lacks empathy
- Has obsessive self-interest
- Pursues mainly selfish goals
Exams and Tests
Personality disorders are diagnosed based on a psychological evaluation and the history and severity of the symptoms.
Psychotherapy may help the affected person relate to others in a more positive and compassionate manner.
The outcome varies with the severity of the disorder.
- Relationship and family problems
- Alcohol or other drug dependence