Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is when a blood clot forms in a vein that is not on the surface of the body.
It mainly affects the large veins in the lower leg and thigh. The clot can block blood flow. If the clot breaks off and moves through the bloodstream, it can get stuck in the brain, lungs, heart, or other area, leading to severe damage.
Wear the pressure stockings prescribed by your doctor. They will improve blood flow in your legs and lower your risk for problems with blood clots.
- Avoid letting the stockings become very tight or wrinkled.
- If you use lotion on your legs, let it dry before you put the stockings on.
- Put powder on your legs to make it easier to put on the stockings.
- Wash the stockings each day with mild soap and water, rinse, and air dry.
- Be sure you have a second pair of stockings to wear while the other pair is being washed.
- If your stockings feel too tight, tell your doctor or nurse. Do not just stop wearing them.
Your doctor may give you medicine to thin your blood. This will help keep more clots from forming.
- Take the medicine just the way your doctor prescribed it.
- Know what to do if you miss a dose.
- You may need to get blood tests often to make sure you are taking the right dose.
Ask your doctor what exercises and other activities are safe for you to do.
Do not sit or lie down in the same position for long periods of time.
- Do not cross your legs when you sit.
- Do not sit so that you put steady pressure on the back of your knee.
- Prop up your legs on a stool or chair if your legs swell when you sit.
Keep your legs resting 6 inches above your heart. When sleeping, make the foot of the bed 4 to 6 inches higher than the head of the bed.
Do not wear tight clothing on your legs or around your waist. If your clothes leave a mark in your skin, they are too tight.
- By car -- stop often, and get out and walk around for a few minutes.
- On a plane, bus, or train -- get up and walk around often.
- While sitting in a car, bus, plane, or train -- wiggle your toes, tighten and relax your calf muscles, and shift your position often.
- Do not sit with your legs crossed.
Do not smoke. If you do, ask your doctor for help quitting.
Drink at least 6 to 8 cups of liquid a day, if your doctor says it is okay.
Try to use less salt.
- Do not add extra salt to your food.
- Do not eat canned foods and other processed foods that have a lot of salt.
- Read food labels to check the amount of salt (sodium) in foods. Ask your doctor how much sodium is okay for you to eat each day.
When to Call the Doctor
Call your doctor if:
- Your skin looks pale, blue, or feels cold to touch.
- You have more swelling in your leg.
- You have fever or chills.
- You are short of breath (it is hard to breathe).
- You have chest pain, especially when it gets worse upon taking a deep breath in.
- You cough up blood.
DVT - discharge; Blood clot in the legs - discharge; Thromboembolism - discharge