Drugs Information Online
Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
Search
EN

Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «S»:

  1. Stress in childhood Stress in childhood
    Childhood stress can be caused by any situation that requires a person to adapt or change. The situation often produces anxiety. Stress may be caused by positive changes, such as starting a new activity, but it is most commonly linked with negative changes such as illness or death in the family. In...
  2. Stress incontinence Stress incontinence
    Stress incontinence is an involuntary loss of urine that occurs during physical activity, such as coughing, sneezing, laughing, or exercise. Causes The ability to hold urine and control urination depends on the normal function of the lower urinary tract, the kidneys, and the nervous system. You mus...
  3. Stress management Stress management
    Stress is a feeling of emotional or physical tension. See also: Stress in childhood Information Emotional stress usually occurs in situations people consider difficult or challenging. Different people consider different situations to be stressful. Physical stress refers to a physical reaction of ...
  4. Stress versus anxiety Stress versus anxiety
    The following are common questions about stress and anxiety. Question: What is the difference between feeling stressed and having an anxiety disorder? Answer: Stress can come from any situation or thought that makes you feel frustrated, angry, nervous, worried, or even anxious. What is stressful...
  5. Striae Striae
    Striae are irregular areas of skin that look like bands, stripes, or lines. Striae are seen when a person grows or gains weight rapidly or has certain diseases or conditions. Striae are commonly called stretch marks. Considerations Stretch marks can appear when there is rapid stretching of the skin...
  6. Stridor Stridor
    Stridor is an abnormal, high-pitched, musical breathing sound caused by a blockage in the throat or voice box (larynx). It is usually heard when taking in a breath. See also: Wheezing Considerations Children are at higher risk of airway blockage because they have narrower airways than adults. In y...
  7. String test String test
    A string test involves swallowing a string to obtain a sample from the upper part of the small intestine. The sample is then tested to detect the presence of intestinal parasites. The string test is rarely used in the United States. How the Test is Performed You swallow a string with a weighted gel...
  8. Stroke Stroke
    A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to any part of the brain. A stroke is sometimes called a "brain attack." See also: Aneurism Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) Cerebral hemorrhage Causes A stroke happens when blood flow to a part of the brain is interrupted because a blood vesse...
  9. Stroke - discharge Stroke - discharge
    You or your loved one was in the hospital after having a stroke. Stroke happens when blood flow to the brain stops. First, you or your loved one received treatment to prevent any further damage to the brain, and to help the heart, lungs, and other important parts of your body. After you were stable,...
  10. Stroke recovery Stroke recovery
    A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to any part of the brain. Stroke is the leading cause of disability among adults in the United States. It is the country's third leading cause of death. This article discusses recovery from stroke. How well a person does after a stroke depends on the s...
  11. Stroke risk factors and prevention Stroke risk factors and prevention
    A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to any part of the brain. A stroke is sometimes called a "brain attack." There are two major types of stroke: ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. When a blood vessel that supplies blood to the brain is blocked by a blood clot, this is called an isc...
  12. Strongyloidiasis Strongyloidiasis
    Strongyloidiasis is infection with the roundworm Strongyloides stercoralis (S. stercoralis). Causes S. stercoralis is a roundworm that is fairly common in warm, moist areas. Rarely, it can be found as far north as Canada. People catch the infection when they come in contact with soil contaminated...
  13. Sturge-Weber syndrome Sturge-Weber syndrome
    Sturge-Weber syndrome is a rare disorder that is present at birth. A child with this condition will have a port-wine stain birthmark (usually on the face) and neurologic problems. Causes The cause of Sturge-Weber is unknown. It is not thought to be passed down (inherited) through families. Symptoms...
  14. Stuttering Stuttering
    Stuttering is a speech disorder in which sounds, syllables, or words are repeated or last longer than normal. These problems cause a break in the flow of speech (called disfluency). Causes About 5% of children (1 out of every 20 children) aged 2 - 5 will develop some stuttering during their childho...
  15. Subacute combined degeneration Subacute combined degeneration
    Subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord is a disorder that involves weakness, abnormal sensations, mental problems, and vision difficulties. Causes Subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord is caused by a vitamin B12 deficiency. (For specific information on vitamin B12 deficiency,...