Diseases & conditions A-Z List
Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «P»:
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine helps protect against mild and severe infections due to the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae. This bacteria frequently causes ear infections, meningitis, and pneumonia in children.
See also: Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine
The pneumococcal conjug...
Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine
The pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine helps protect against severe infections due to the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae. The bacteria frequently causes meningitis and pneumonia in children, older adults, and people with chronic illnesses.
Even though it's often called a "pneumonia vaccine," the...
Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia is a fungal infection of the lungs. The disease used to be called Pneumocystis carinii.
This type of pneumonia is caused by the fungus Pneumocystis jiroveci. This fungus is common in the environment and does not cause illness in healthy people.
However, it ca...
Pneumomediastinum is air in the space between the lungs, in the middle of the chest (the mediastinum).
Pneumomediastinum is uncommon. It occurs when air leaks from any part of the lung or airways into the mediastinum. Most often, one of the small air sacs (alveoli) ruptures and leaks air.
Pneumonia is a respiratory condition in which there is infection of the lung.
Community-acquired pneumonia refers to pneumonia in people who have not recently been in the hospital or another health care facility (nursing home, rehabilitation facility).
See also: Hospital-acquired pneumonia
Pneumonia - children - discharge
Your child has pneumonia, which is an infection in the lungs. In the hospital, the doctors and nurses helped your child breathe better. They also gave your child medicine to help get rid of the germs that caused the pneumonia. And they made sure your child got enough liquids.
What to Expect at Home...
Pneumonia - adults - discharge
You have pneumonia, which is an infection in your lungs. In the hospital, your doctors and nurses helped you breathe better. They also gave you medicine to help your body get rid of the germs that caused the pneumonia. And, they made sure you got enough liquids and nutrition.
What to Expect at Home...
Pneumonia - weakened immune system
Pneumonia is a lung infection that can be caused by many different germs, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi.
This article discusses describes pneumonia that occurs in a person whose ability to fight infection is greatly reduced because their immune system is weakened and not working properly. S...
Pneumothorax - infants
Pneumothorax is the collection of air or gas in the space inside the chest around the lungs, which leads to a lung collapse.
This article discusses pneumothorax in infants.
For information about pneumothorax in older children and adults, see: Pneumothorax
A pneumothorax occurs when the tiny...
Poinsettia plant exposure
Poinsettia plants, commonly used during the holidays, are not poisonous. Eating this plant does not usually result in a trip to the hospital.
This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you have an exposure, you should call your local ...
Point tenderness - abdomen
Abdominal point tenderness refers to the pain you feel when pressure is applied to a specific part of the belly area (abdomen).
The abdomen is an area of the body a doctor can easily examine by touch. The doctor can feel masses and organs within the belly area and pinpoint where you ...
Poison control center - emergency number
For a POISON EMERGENCY call:
ANYWHERE IN THE UNITED STATES
This national hotline number will let you talk to experts in poisoning. This is a free and confidential service. All local poison control centers in the United States use this national number. You should call if you have any...
Poison ivy - oak - sumac
Poison ivy, oak, or sumac poisoning is an allergic reaction that results from touching the sap of these plants. The sap may be on the plant, in the ashes of burned plants, on an animal, or on other objects that came in contact with the plant, such as clothing, garden tools, and sports equipment.
Poison ivy - oak - sumac rash
Poison ivy, oak, and sumac are plants that commonly cause an allergic skin reaction. The result is typically an itching, red rash with bumps or blisters.
Poison ivy is one of the most frequent causes of skin rash among children and adults who spend time outdoors. The plant can be fou...
Poison ivy itchiness
Drying agents such as calamine lotion may help relieve the itchiness caused by poison ivy or rashes. Your doctor may prescribe strong steroids for extra relief.