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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «L»:

  1. Listeriosis Listeriosis
    Listeriosis is a dangerous infection caused by eating food contaminated with bacteria called Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes). Causes According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, listeriosis is an important public health problem in the United States. The bacteria (L. m...
  2. Liver biopsy Liver biopsy
    A liver biopsy is a test that takes a sample of tissue from the liver for examination. How the Test is Performed The test is usually done in the hospital. You may be given a medication to calm you (sedative) or pain medication by injection before the test. If the biopsy is done through the abdomina...
  3. Liver disease Liver disease
    The term "liver disease" applies to many diseases and disorders that cause the liver to function improperly or stop functioning. Abdominal pain, yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice), or abnormal results of liver function tests suggest you have liver disease. See also: Amebic liver abscess Au...
  4. Liver disease - resources Liver disease - resources
    The following organizations are good resources for information on liver disease: American Liver Foundation - www.liverfoundation.org Children’s Liver Association for Support Services - www.classkids.org Hepatitis B Foundation - www.hepb.org National Digestive Diseases Information Clearing...
  5. Liver function tests Liver function tests
    Common tests that are used to evaluate liver function include: Albumin Alpha-1 antitrypsin ALP ALT AST Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) Prothrombin time Serum bilirubin Urine bilirubin Please see individual tests for details on how each is performed. Alternative Names LFT ...
  6. Liver metastases Liver metastases
    Liver metastases are cancerous tumors that have spread to the liver from somewhere else in the body. See also: Hepatocellular carcinoma Causes Cancers that may spread to the liver include: Breast cancer Colorectal cancer Esophageal cancer Lung cancer Melanoma Pancreatic cancer Stomac...
  7. Liver scan Liver scan
    A liver scan uses a radioactive material to help determine how well the liver or spleen is working. How the Test is Performed The health care provider will inject a radioactive material called a radioisotope into one of your veins. After the liver has soaked up the material, you will be asked to li...
  8. Liver spots Liver spots
    Liver spots are flat, brown-black spots that usually occur in sun-exposed areas of the body. They are unrelated to the liver or liver function. Causes Liver spots are changes in skin color that occur in older skin. The increased color may be brought on by aging, exposure to the sun or other forms o...
  9. Liver transplant Liver transplant
    Liver transplant is surgery to replace a diseased liver with a healthy liver. Description The donated liver may be from: A donor who has recently died and has not had liver injury. This type of donor is called a cadaver donor. Sometimes a healthy person will donate part of his or her liver to a pa...
  10. Living with your ileostomy Living with your ileostomy
    You had an injury or disease in your digestive system and needed an operation called an ileostomy. The operation changed the way your body gets rid of waste (stool, feces, or poop). Now you have an opening called a stoma in your belly. Waste will pass through the stoma into a pouch that collects it....
  11. Long bones Long bones
    Long bones are hard, dense bones that provide strength, structure, and mobility. The femur (thigh bone) is a long bone. A long bone has a shaft and two ends. There are also bones in the fingers that are classified as "long bones," even though they are short in length. This is due to the shape of the...
  12. Lordosis Lordosis
    Lordosis is an increased curving of the spine. Considerations The spine has three types of curves: Kyphotic curves refer to the outward curve of the thoracic spine (at the level of the ribs). Lordotic curves refer to the inward curve of the lumbar spine (just above the buttocks). Scoliotic curving...
  13. Loss of a child - resources Loss of a child - resources
    The following organizations are good resources for information on the loss of a child: The Compassionate Friends - www.compassionatefriends.org Bereaved Parents of the USA - www.bereavedparentsusa.org Alternative Names Child death - resources; Resources - loss of a child...
  14. Loss of a spouse - resources Loss of a spouse - resources
    The following organizations are a good resource for information on the loss of a spouse: Association for Death Education and Counseling (ADEC) - www.adec.org/coping/index.cfm Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors (TAPS) - www.taps.org See also: Grief Loss of a child - resources SIDS - r...
  15. Low back pain - acute Low back pain - acute
    Low back pain refers to a shooting or stabbing pain felt in your lower back. You may also have back stiffness, decreased movement of the lower back, and difficulty standing straight. Acute back pain lasts from a few days to a few weeks. See also: Low back pain - chronic Sciatica Causes If you...