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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «L»:

  1. Large bowel resection – discharge Large bowel resection – discharge
    You had surgery to remove all or part of your large bowel. You may also have had a colostomy. What to Expect at Home You may have these problems after you return home from the hospital after having large bowel surgery: Pain when you cough, sneeze, and make sudden movements. This may last 1 to 5 da...
  2. Large for gestational age (LGA) Large for gestational age (LGA)
    Large for gestational age (LGA) means that a fetus or infant is larger or more developed than normal for the baby's gestational age. Information Gestational age is a measure of the growth and development of the fetus in the uterus and the infant after birth. LGA refers to a fetus or infant who is l...
  3. Laryngeal nerve damage Laryngeal nerve damage
    Laryngeal nerve damage is injury to one or both of the nerves that are attached to the voice box. Causes Injury to the laryngeal nerves is uncommon. However, it may occur from: A complication of neck or chest surgery (especially thyroid, lung, or heart surgery) A breathing tube in the windpipe (en...
  4. Laryngectomy Laryngectomy
    Laryngectomy is surgery to remove the larynx (voice box) in your throat. All or part of the larynx may be removed in a laryngectomy. Description Total laryngectomy is major surgery that is done in the hospital. Before surgery you will receive general anesthesia. This will make you unconscious and u...
  5. Laryngitis Laryngitis
    Laryngitis is swelling and irritation (inflammation) of the voice box (larynx) that is usually associated with hoarseness or loss of voice. Causes The voice box (larynx) is located at the top of the airway to the lungs (trachea). The larynx contains the vocal cords. When the vocal cords become infl...
  6. Laryngoscopy Laryngoscopy
    Laryngoscopy is examination of the larynx (voice box) using a small mirror held just below the back of your palate, or a rigid or flexible viewing tube called a laryngoscope placed in your mouth. Depending on the circumstances, you may need anesthesia....
  7. Laser surgery Laser surgery
    Laser surgery is a medical procedure that uses laser light to remove diseased tissues or treat bleeding blood vessels. Laser surgery may also be used for cosmetic purposes, such as removing wrinkles, tattoos, or birthmarks. Description A laser is a light beam that can be precisely focused. It is us...
  8. Laser therapy Laser therapy
    Laser therapy is any treatment using intense beams of light to precisely cut, burn, or destroy tissue. The term laser is an acronym for "light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation." Information The laser light beam is generated from radiation sources so small and safe that it poses no ...
  9. LASIK eye surgery LASIK eye surgery
    LASIK is eye surgery that permanently changes the shape of the cornea (the clear covering on the front of the eye) in order to improve vision and reduce a person's dependency on glasses or contact lenses. See also: Corneal surgery Description For clear vision, the eye's cornea and lens must bend (...
  10. Lateral Lateral
    Lateral means to the side of, or away from, the middle of the body. The ears are lateral to the nose. The arms are lateral to the chest....
  11. Lateral collateral ligament (LCL) injury Lateral collateral ligament (LCL) injury
    Lateral collateral ligament (LCL) injury is an injury to the ligament on the outer side of the knee. It can be a stretch, partial tear, or complete tear of the ligament. Considerations The lateral collateral ligament (LCL) goes from the top part of the fibula (the bone on the outside of the lower ...
  12. Lateral traction Lateral traction
    Lateral traction is a technique in which tension is used to move a body part to the side or away from its original location. Information Traction can be used to treat or reduce any joint dislocation by applying tension to the leg or arm with weights and pulleys to realign the bone. For example, it...
  13. Latex agglutination test Latex agglutination test
    The latex agglutination test is a laboratory method to check for certain antibodies or antigens in a variety of bodily fluids including saliva, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, or blood. How the Test is Performed The test depends on what type of sample is needed. For a urine sample, see urine collectio...
  14. LDH isoenzymes LDH isoenzymes
    LDH isoenzymes is a test to check how much lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is in the blood. How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The site is cleaned with germ-killing medicine (antiseptic). The health care provider...
  15. LDL test LDL test
    LDL stands for low-density lipoprotein. It's also sometimes called "bad" cholesterol. Lipoproteins are made of fat and protein. They carry cholesterol, triglycerides, and other fats, called lipids, in the blood to various parts of the body. This article discusses the blood test to measure the level ...