Diseases & conditions A-Z List
Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «K»:
Pain - knee
Knee pain usually results from overuse, poor form during physical activity, not warming up or cooling down, or inadequate stretching. Simple causes of knee pain often clear up on their own with self care. Being overweight can put you at greater risk for knee problems.
Knee pain c...
Kneecap dislocation occurs when the triangle-shaped bone covering the knee (patella) moves or slides out of place. The problem usually occurs toward the outside of the leg.
Kneecap (patella) dislocation is often seen in women. It usually occurs after a sudden change in direction when your le...
Knock knees is a condition in which the lower legs are positioned at an outward angle. When the knees are touching, the ankles are separated.
Most children develop a slight knock-kneed stance by the time they are 2 or 3 years old, often with significant separation at the ankles when the knee...
Krabbe disease is a rare genetic disorder of the nervous system. It is a type of leukodystrophy.
A defect in the GALC gene causes Krabbe disease. Persons with this gene defect do not make enough of a substance called galactocerebroside beta-galactosidase (galactosylceramidase).
The body need...
Kuru is a disease of the nervous system.
Kuru is an extremely rare disease. It is caused by an infectious protein (prion) found in contaminated human brain tissue.
Kuru is found almost exclusively among people from New Guinea, who practiced a form of cannibalism in which the brains of dead p...
Kwashiorkor is a form of malnutrition that occurs when there is not enough protein in the diet.
Kwashiorkor is most common in areas where there is:
Limited food supply
Low levels of education (when people do not understand how to eat a proper diet)
This disease is more common in ver...
Kyphosis is a curving of the spine that causes a bowing or rounding of the back, which leads to a hunchback or slouching posture.
Kyphosis can occur at any age, although it is rare at birth.
Adolescent kyphosis, also known as Scheuermann's disease, is caused by the wedging together of severa...