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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «H»:

  1. Hypospadias repair Hypospadias repair
    Hypospadias repair is surgery to correct a birth defect in boys in which the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body) does not end at the tip of the penis. Instead, it ends on the underside. In more severe cases, the urethra opens at the middle or bottom of the peni...
  2. Hypospadias repair - discharge Hypospadias repair - discharge
    Your son had hypospadias repair to fix a birth defect in which the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body) does not end at the tip of the penis. The type of repair your son had depends on how severe his birth defect was. This may be his first surgery for this probl...
  3. Hypotension Hypotension
    Low blood pressure, or hypotension, occurs when blood pressure during and after each heartbeat is much lower than usual. This means the heart, brain, and other parts of the body do not get enough blood. See also: Blood pressure Causes Blood pressure that is borderline low for one person may be nor...
  4. Hypothalamic dysfunction Hypothalamic dysfunction
    Hypothalamic dysfunction is a problem with the region of the brain called the hypothalamus, which helps control the pituitary gland and regulate many body functions. Causes The hypothalamus helps control the pituitary gland, particularly in response to stress. The pituitary, in turn, controls the:...
  5. Hypothalamic tumor Hypothalamic tumor
    A hypothalamic tumor is an abnormal growth in the hypothalamus gland, which is located in the brain. Causes The exact cause of hypothalamic tumors is not known. It is likely that they result from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. In children, most hypothalamic tumors are gliomas. ...
  6. Hypothermia Hypothermia
    Hypothermia is dangerously low body temperature, below 95 °F (35 °C). Considerations Persons most likely to experience hypothermia include those who are: Very old or very young Chronically ill, especially who have heart or blood flow problems Malnourished Overly tired Under the influence of ...
  7. Hypothyroidism Hypothyroidism
    Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone. See also: Chronic thyroiditis (Hashimoto's disease) Subacute thyroiditis Silent thyroiditis Neonatal hypothyroidism Causes The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck just below the voic...
  8. Hypotonia Hypotonia
    Hypotonia means decreased muscle tone. Considerations Hypotonia is often a sign of a worrisome problem. The condition can affect children or adults. Infants with hypotonia seem floppy and feel like a "rag doll" when held. They rest with their elbows and knees loosely extended, while infants with no...
  9. Hypovolemic shock Hypovolemic shock
    Hypovolemic shock is an emergency condition in which severe blood and fluid loss makes the heart unable to pump enough blood to the body. This type of shock can cause many organs to stop working. Causes Losing about 1/5 or more of the normal amount of blood in your body causes hypovolemic shock. Bl...
  10. Hysterectomy Hysterectomy
    A hysterectomy is surgery to remove a woman’s uterus. It may be done through an incision (cut) in either the abdomen (belly) or the vagina. Description Your doctor will help you decide which type of hysterectomy is best for you. It will depend on your medical history and the reason for your ...
  11. Hysterectomy - abdominal - discharge Hysterectomy - abdominal - discharge
    While you were in the hospital, you had a hysterectomy, surgery to remove your uterus. Your surgeon made a 5- to 7- inch incision (cut) in the lower part of your belly. The cut was made either up and down or across your belly, just above your pubic hair (a bikini cut). Part or all of your uterus was...
  12. Hysterectomy - laparoscopic - discharge Hysterectomy - laparoscopic - discharge
    While you were in the hospital, you had a hysterectomy, surgery to remove your uterus. The surgeon made 3 to 4 small cuts in your belly. A laparoscope (a thin tube with a small camera on it) and other surgical instruments were inserted through the cuts. Part or all of your uterus was removed. Your f...
  13. Hysterectomy - vaginal - discharge Hysterectomy - vaginal - discharge
    While you were in the hospital, you had a vaginal hysterectomy. Your surgeon made a cut in your vagina. Your uterus was removed through this cut. Your surgeon may have also used a laparoscope (a thin tube with a small camera on it) and other instruments that were inserted into your belly through sev...
  14. Hysterosalpingography Hysterosalpingography
    Hysterosalpingography is an x-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes that involves the injection of contrast (dye) through the cervix. How the Test is Performed The exam takes place in a radiology department using an overhead x-ray machine. You will lie on a table beneath the x-ray machine and place...