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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «G»:

  1. Galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase Galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase
    Galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase is a blood test that measures the level of a substance called GALT, which helps break down milk sugars (lactose/galactose). How the Test is Performed Blood is drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The site is cleaned...
  2. Galactosemia Galactosemia
    Galactosemia is a condition in which the body is unable to use (metabolize) the simple sugar galactose. Causes Galactosemia is an inherited disorder. This means it is passed down through families. It occurs in approximately 1 out of every 60,000 births among Caucasians. The rate is different for ot...
  3. Gallbladder disease Gallbladder disease
    Gallbladder disease includes inflammation, infection, stones, or blockage (obstruction) of the gallbladder. Causes The gallbladder is a sac located under the liver. It stores and concentrates bile produced in the liver. Bile aids in the digestion of fat, and is released from the gallbladder into th...
  4. Gallbladder radionuclide scan Gallbladder radionuclide scan
    Gallbladder radionuclide scan is a test that uses radioactive material to check gallbladder function or to look for signs of an infection or bile duct obstruction. How the Test is Performed The health care provider will inject a radioactive chemical called a gamma emitting tracer into a vein. This ...
  5. Gallbladder removal - laparoscopic Gallbladder removal - laparoscopic
    Laparoscopic gallbladder removal is surgery to remove the gallbladder using a medical device called a laparoscope. Description Using a laparoscope is the most common way to remove the gallbladder. A laparoscope is a thin, lighted tube that lets the doctor see inside your belly. Gallbladder removal...
  6. Gallbladder removal - laparoscopic - discharge Gallbladder removal - laparoscopic - discharge
    You had a procedure called a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Your doctor made 3 or 4 small cuts in your belly and used a special instrument called a laparoscope to take out your gallbladder. What to Expect at Home Recovering from laparoscopic cholecystectomy usually takes around 1 to 3 weeks. You may...
  7. Gallbladder removal - open Gallbladder removal - open
    Open gallbladder removal is surgery to remove the gallbladder. Description In gallbladder removal surgery, a surgeon makes a large incision (cut) in your belly to open it up and see the area. The surgeon then removes your gallbladder by reaching in through the incision and gently lifting it out. Su...
  8. Gallbladder removal - open - discharge Gallbladder removal - open - discharge
    You had surgery to remove your gallbladder. The surgeon made a 5 to 7 inch incision (cut) in your belly. The surgeon then removed your gallbladder by reaching in through the incision and gently lifting it out. What to Expect at Home Recovering from open gallbladder removal surgery takes 4 to 8 week...
  9. Gallium scan Gallium scan
    A gallium scan is a test that uses radioactive material to look for infection in the body. It is a type of nuclear medicine exam. See also: Gallium scan of the lung How the Test is Performed The health care provider will tie a rubber band (tourniquet) around your upper arm, and inject a radioactiv...
  10. Gallstones Gallstones
    Gallstones are hard, pebble-like deposits that form inside the gallbladder. Gallstones may be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball. See also: Acute cholecystitis Choledocholithiasis Causes The cause of gallstones varies. There are two main types of gallstones: Stones made o...
  11. Gallstones - discharge Gallstones - discharge
    You have gallstones, hard, pebble-like deposits that form inside the gallbladder. You received drugs to reduce the swelling and to fight the infection. You may have had surgery to remove your gallbladder or to remove a gallstone that is blocking a duct. What to Expect at Home You may continue to ha...
  12. Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase
    Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) is a test to measure the amount of the enzyme GGT in the blood. How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The site is cleaned with germ-killing medicine (antiseptic). The health c...
  13. Ganglioneuroblastoma Ganglioneuroblastoma
    Ganglioneuroblastoma is an intermediate tumor arising from nerve tissue. An intermediate tumor is one that is between benign (slow-growing and unlikely to spread) and malignant (fast-growing, aggressive, and likely to spread). Causes This rare tumor has a yearly occurrence of less than 5 per 1,000,...
  14. Ganglioneuroma Ganglioneuroma
    Ganglioneuroma is a tumor of the peripheral nervous system. Causes Ganglioneuromas are rare tumors that most frequently start in the autonomic nerve cells, which may be in any part of the body. The tumor are usually noncancerous (benign). Ganglioneuromas usually occur in people ages 10 to 40. They ...
  15. Gangrene Gangrene
    Gangrene is the death of tissue in part of the body. Causes Gangrene happens when a body part loses its blood supply. This may happen from injury, an infection, or other causes. You have a higher risk for gangrene if you have: A serious injury Blood vessel disease (such as arteriosclerosis, also c...