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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «D»:

  1. Dialysis Dialysis
    Dialysis is a method of removing toxic substances (impurities or wastes) from the blood when the kidneys are unable to remove these substances. Description WHAT IS HEMODIALYSIS? Hemodialysis works by removing blood from the body and circulating it through special filters outside the body. The blood...
  2. Diaper rash Diaper rash
    A diaper rash is a skin problem that develops in the area beneath an infant's diaper. Causes Diaper rashes are common in babies between 4 and 15 months old. They may be noticed more when babies begin to eat solid foods. Diaper rashes caused by infection with a yeast or fungus called Candida are ver...
  3. Diaphragmatic hernia Diaphragmatic hernia
    A diaphragmatic hernia is a birth defect in which there is an abnormal opening in the diaphragm, the muscle that helps you breathe. The opening allows part of the organs from the belly (stomach, spleen, liver, and intestines) to go up into the chest cavity near the lungs. Causes A diaphragmatic her...
  4. Diaphragmatic hernia repair - congenital Diaphragmatic hernia repair - congenital
    The diaphragm is a large dome-shaped muscle that separates the chest cavity (where your heart and lungs are) from the belly area. A diaphragmatic hernia is an opening or tear in the diaphragm. In a child born with a diaphragmatic hernia, the organs from the belly (stomach, spleen, liver, and intest...
  5. Diarrhea Diarrhea
    Diarrhea is loose, watery, and frequent stool. Diarrhea is considered chronic (long-term) when you have had loose or frequent stools for more than 4 weeks. Considerations Diarrhea in adults is usually mild and goes away quickly without complications. In infants and children (especially under age 3)...
  6. Diarrhea - what to ask your doctor - adult Diarrhea - what to ask your doctor - adult
    Diarrhea is when you have more than two very loose bowel movements in 1 day. For many, diarrhea is mild and will pass within a few days. For others, it may last longer. It can make you feel weak and dried out (dehydrated). It can also lead to unhealthy weight loss. A stomach or intestinal illness ca...
  7. Diarrhea - what to ask your doctor - child Diarrhea - what to ask your doctor - child
    Diarrhea is when your child has more than two very loose bowel movements in 1 day. For many children, diarrhea is mild and will pass within a few days. For others, it may last longer. It can make you feel weak and dried out (dehydrated). It can also lead to unhealthy weight loss. A stomach or intest...
  8. Diarrhea in children - diet Diarrhea in children - diet
    Diarrhea in children and babies is the passage of loose stools. Recommendations Diarrhea has many causes, including: Antibiotics Consuming too much fruit or fruit juice Food sensitivity Illness Infection Diet: What the child eats or drinks may make diarrhea worse. Changing the diet may relieve so...
  9. Diastasis recti Diastasis recti
    Diastasis recti is a separation between the left and right side of the rectus abdominis muscle, which covers the front surface of the belly area. Causes Diastasis recti is a common and normal condition in newborns. It is seen most frequently in premature and African American infants. In pregnant wo...
  10. Diazinon poisoning Diazinon poisoning
    Diazinon is an insecticide, a product used to kill or control bugs. Poisoning can occur if you swallow this product. This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you have an exposure, you should call your local emergency number (such as...
  11. Diclofenac sodium overdose Diclofenac sodium overdose
    Diclofenac sodium is a prescription medicine used to relieve pain and swelling. It is an nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Diclofenac sodium overdose occurs when someone accidentally or intentionally takes more than the normal or recommended amount of this medication. This is for informat...
  12. Dieffenbachia poisoning Dieffenbachia poisoning
    Dieffenbachia is a type of house plant with large, colorful leaves. Poisoning can occur if you eat the leaves of this plant. This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you have an exposure, you should call your local emergency number ...
  13. Diet - calories Diet - calories
    The energy stored in food is measured in terms of calories. Technically, 1 calorie is the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water 1 degree centigrade. The calorie measure used commonly to discuss the energy content of food is actually a kilocalorie or 1000 real calories...
  14. Diet - cancer treatment Diet - cancer treatment
    People with cancer need special nutritional planning and management. See also: Radiation enteritis Function People with cancer are at risk for developing nutritional deficiencies. The deficiencies may be the result of the cancer itself, or the side effects of common cancer treatments such as surge...
  15. Diet - chronic kidney disease Diet - chronic kidney disease
    When you have chronic kidney disease, you need to make changes in your diet, including: Limiting fluids Eating a low-protein diet (this may be recommended) Restricting salt, potassium, phosphorous, and other electrolytes Getting enough calories if you are losing weight Your recommended diet may c...