Diseases & conditions A-Z List
Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «C»:
Can chickenpox be treated?
Chickenpox symptoms can be controlled with soothing baths or antihistamines to decrease itching. Acetaminophen may help control fever, headache, or muscle pain. Do not give aspirin to children with chickenpox, because this can increase the child's ri...
This vaccine protects against chickenpox, a disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus.
Chickenpox is caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). It is very common and highly contagious, occurring more often in the winter and spring. Most of the time, the infection is mild and not lif...
Chiggers are tiny, six-legged wingless organisms (larvae) that grow up to become a type of mite. Chiggers are found in tall grass and weeds. Their bite causes severe itching.
Chiggers are found in certain areas, such as berry patches, tall grass and weeds, and woodland edges.
Chiggers bite h...
Child abuse - physical
Physical child abuse or non-accidental child trauma refers to fractures and other signs of injury that occur when a child is hit in anger.
The physical signs of child abuse used to be called battered child syndrome. This syndrome referred to many fractures that occurred at different times in childre...
Child abuse - sexual
Child sexual abuse is the deliberate exposure of minor children to sexual activity. This means a child is forced or talked into sex or sexual activities by another person. Such abuse includes:
Society was reluctant to deal with ch...
Child neglect and psychological abuse
Child neglect (also called psychological abuse) is a form of child abuse that occurs when someone intentionally does not provide a child with food, water, shelter, clothing, medical care, or other necessities.
Other forms of child neglect include:
Allowing the child to witness violence or severe ab...
Child safety seats
Child car seats; Infant car seats; Car seats
Automobile accidents are one of the major causes of injury and death in children. In the United States, the law requires car seats for children under 40 pounds. For children over 40 pounds, specific laws vary by state.
Have a spouse or friend...
Childhood disintegrative disorder
Childhood disintegrative disorder is a condition in which children develop normally through age 3 or 4. Then, over a few months, children lose language, motor, social, and other skills that they already learned.
The cause of childhood disintegrative disorder is unknown, but it has been linke...
Chills refers to feeling cold after an exposure to a cold environment. The word can also refer to an episode of shivering, accompanied by paleness and feeling cold.
"Goose bumps" are associated with a feeling of chilliness but are not necessarily associated with chills or fevers. Goo...
A chin augmentation is a surgical procedure to reshape or enhance the size of the chin. It may be done either by inserting an implant or by moving or reshaping bones.
Surgery may be performed in the surgeon's office, a hospital, or an outpatient clinic.
You will have x-rays taken of you...
Chinese restaurant syndrome
Chinese restaurant syndrome is a collection of symptoms that some people experience after eating Chinese food. A food additive called monosodium glutamate (MSG) has been implicated, but it has not been proved to be the substance that causes this condition.
In 1968, reports of a series of rea...
Chlamydia is a disease caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. It is most commonly sexually transmitted.
Chlamydia infection is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States. Sexually active individuals and individuals with multiple partners are at highest risk.
Chlamydia infections in women
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease. This article discusses chlamydia infections in women.
Chlamydia is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis.
Different strains of chlamydia cause genital, eye, lymph node, and respiratory infect...
Chlamydial urethritis - male
Chlamydial urethritis is a sexually transmitted disease involving infection of the urethra (the tube that drains urine from the bladder).
Chlamydial urethritis is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis.
Chlamydia can cause a type of swelling (inflammation) of the urethra ( urethritis)....
Chloride - urine
Chloride is a negatively charged molecule known as an electrolyte. It works with other electrolytes, such as potassium, salt (sodium), and carbon dioxide (CO2), to help keep the proper balance of body fluids and maintain the body's acid-base balance.
A test can be done to measure the amount of chlor...