Drugs Information Online
Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
Search
EN

Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «C»:

  1. Cervical spine CT scan Cervical spine CT scan
    A computed tomography (CT) scan of the cervical spine is an imaging method that uses x-rays to create cross-sectional pictures of the neck. How the Test is Performed You will be asked to lie on a narrow table that slides into the center of the CT scanner. You will lie on your back with your arms at...
  2. Cervical spondylosis Cervical spondylosis
    Cervical spondylosis is a disorder in which there is abnormal wear on the cartilage and bones of the neck (cervical vertebrae). See also: Neck pain Herniated disk Spinal stenosis Causes Cervical spondylosis is caused by chronic wearing away (degeneration) of the cervical spine, including th...
  3. Cervicitis Cervicitis
    Cervicitis is swelling (inflammation) of the end of the uterus (cervix). Causes Cervicitis is most often caused by an infection, usually caught during sexual activity. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) that can cause cervicitis include: Chlamydia Gonorrhea Herpes virus (genital herpes) Huma...
  4. Cervix Cervix
    The cervix is the lower end of the uterus. It is located at the top of the vagina and is about one inch long. The cervical canal passes through the cervix, allowing blood from a menstrual period and a baby (fetus) to pass from the womb (uterus) into the vagina. The cervical canal also allows sperm t...
  5. Cervix treatment - cryosurgery Cervix treatment - cryosurgery
    Cervix cryosurgery is a surgical treatment to freeze and destroy abnormal tissue in the cervix. Description Cryotherapy is an office procedure done while you are awake. The vaginal canal is held open so that the doctor can see the cervix. The doctor inserts a device called a cryoprobe into the vagi...
  6. Chafing Chafing
    Chafing is skin irritation that occurs where skin rubs against skin, clothing, or other material. Information When skin becomes irritated because of something rubbing, there are several things you can try, including: Avoid coarse clothing. Wear 100% cotton fabric against your skin. Eliminate frict...
  7. Chagas disease Chagas disease
    Chagas disease is an illness spread by insects. It is common in South and Central America. Causes Chagas disease is caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, a parasite related to the African trypanosome that causes sleeping sickness. It is spread by reduvid bugs and is one of the major health problems in South...
  8. Chalazion Chalazion
    A chalazion is a small bump in the eyelid caused by a blockage of a tiny oil gland. Causes A chalazion develops in the glands that produce the fluid that lubricates the eye. These are called Meibomian glands. The eyelid has approximately 100 of these glands, which are located near the eyelashes. A ...
  9. Chancroid Chancroid
    Chancroid is a bacterial disease that is spread only through sexual contact. Causes Chancroid is caused by a type of bacteria called Haemophilus ducreyi. The disease is found mainly in developing and third world countries. Only a small number of cases are diagnosed in the United States each year. M...
  10. Changes in the newborn at birth Changes in the newborn at birth
    Changes in the newborn at birth are a number of changes that an infant's body undergoes to allow it to survive outside the womb and adapt to life in a new environment. Information LUNGS AND CIRCULATORY SYSTEM While the fetus is in the womb, it "breathes" by exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide thro...
  11. Changing your ostomy pouch Changing your ostomy pouch
    Your ostomy pouch is a heavy-duty plastic bag that you wear outside your body to collect your stool (“poop”). Using an ostomy pouch is the best way to handle your bowel movements after certain kinds of surgery in the colon or intestine. Your stool may be liquid or solid, depending on the...
  12. Chapped hands Chapped hands
    To prevent chapped hands: Avoid excessive sun exposure or exposure to extreme cold or wind Avoid washing hands with hot water Limit hand washing as much as possible while maintaining good hygiene Try to keep the air in your home humid Use mild soaps or non-soap cleansers Use moisturizing lotions on...
  13. Chapped lips Chapped lips
    Here are some recommendations for preventing chapped lips: Avoid excessive sun exposure Avoid going out in dry, cold weather without putting on lip balm or lipstick Try to keep the air in your home humid Use a sunscreen on your lips when outside in sunny weather Here are some recommendations for s...
  14. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
    Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is a group of inherited disorders that affect the peripheral nerves (those outside the brain and spine). Causes Charcot-Marie-Tooth is one of the most common inherited nerve-related disorders. Defects in at least 14 genes cause different forms of this disease. The diseas...
  15. Charley horse Charley horse
    A charley horse is the common name for a muscle spasm, especially in the leg. Muscle spasms can occur in any muscle in the body. When a muscle is in spasm, it contracts without your control and does not relax. Causes Muscle spasms often occur when a muscle is overused or injured. Working out when y...