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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «C»:

  1. Central venous catheter - dressing change Central venous catheter - dressing change
    You have a central venous catheter. This is a tube that goes into a vein in your chest. It will help carry nutrients and medicine into your body. It will also be used to take blood when you need to have blood tests. These catheters are used when people need medical treatment over a long period of ti...
  2. Central venous catheter - flushing Central venous catheter - flushing
    You have a central venous catheter. This is a tube that goes into a vein in your chest. It will help carry nutrients and medicine into your body. It will also be used to take blood when you need to have blood tests. These catheters are used when people need medical treatment over a long period of ti...
  3. Central venous line - infants Central venous line - infants
    A cental venous line (CVL) is a long, soft plastic tube, called a catheter, that is placed into a large vein in the chest. WHY IS A CVL USED? The main reason for a CVL is to deliver nutrients to a baby for a long period of time. It is most often used when attempts to place a percutaneous inserted ce...
  4. Cerebral amyloid angiopathy Cerebral amyloid angiopathy
    Cerebral amyloid angiopathy is a neurological condition in which amyloid protein builds up on the walls of the arteries in the brain. The condition increases one's risk of hemorrhagic stroke. Causes The cause of cerebral amyloid angiopathy is unknown. Persons with this condition have deposits of am...
  5. Cerebral angiography Cerebral angiography
    Cerebral angiography is a procedure that uses a special dye (contrast material) and x-rays to see how blood flows through the brain. How the Test is Performed Cerebral angiography is done in the hospital or large radiology center. You will be asked to lie on an x-ray table. Your head is positioned ...
  6. Cerebral hypoxia Cerebral hypoxia
    Cerebral hypoxia technically means a lack of oxygen supply to the outer part of the brain, an area called the cerebral hemisphere. However, the term is more typically used to refer to a lack of oxygen supply to the entire brain. Causes There are many causes of cerebral hypoxia. These include, but a...
  7. Cerebral palsy Cerebral palsy
    Cerebral palsy is condition, sometimes thought of as a group of disorders that can involve brain and nervous system functions such as movement, learning, hearing, seeing, and thinking. Ther are several different types of cerebral palsy, including spastic, dyskinetic, ataxic, hypotonic, and mixed. ...
  8. Cerebral palsy - resources Cerebral palsy - resources
    The following organizations are good resources for information on cerebral palsy: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke - www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/cerebral_palsy/cerebral_palsy.htm United Cerebral Palsy - www.ucp.org U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - www.cdc.g...
  9. Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) collection Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) collection
    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collection is a test to look at the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Cerebrospinal fluid acts as a cushion, protecting the brain and spine from injury. The fluid is normally clear. The test is also used to measure pressure in the spinal fluid. See also: CSF c...
  10. Cerebrospinal fluid culture Cerebrospinal fluid culture
    A cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture is a laboratory test to look for bacteria, fungi, and viruses in the clear fluid that moves in the space surrounding the spinal cord. How the Test is Performed A sample of CSF is needed. This is usually done with a lumbar puncture. For information on how this pro...
  11. Ceruloplasmin Ceruloplasmin
    Ceruloplasmin is a copper-containing protein. This article discusses the test to measure the level of the protein in the clear liquid part of the blood (serum). How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The site is ...
  12. Cervical cancer Cervical cancer
    Cervical cancer is cancer that starts in the cervix, the lower part of the uterus (womb) that opens at the top of the vagina.  Causes Worldwide, cervical cancer is the third most common type of cancer in women. It is much less common in the United States because of routine use of ...
  13. Cervical dysplasia Cervical dysplasia
    Cervical dysplasia is the abnormal appearance of cells on the surface of the cervix when they are looked at underneath a microscope. Although this is not cancer, it is considered a precancerous condition. Dysplasia that is seen on a Pap smear is described using the term squamous intraepithelial lesi...
  14. Cervical MRI scan Cervical MRI scan
    A cervical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan is a noninvasive method to create detailed pictures of the part of the spine that runs through the neck area. This area is called the cervical spine. It consists of seven vertebrae and eight pairs of spinal nerves (called C1 to C8). Unlike x-rays and ...
  15. Cervical polyps Cervical polyps
    Cervical polyps are fingerlike growths on the lower part of the uterus that connects with the vagina (cervix). Causes The cause of cervical polyps is not completely understood. They may occur with: An abnormal response to increased levels of the female hormone, estrogen Chronic inflammation Clogg...