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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «C»:

  1. Cushing’s disease Cushing’s disease
    Cushing’s disease is a condition in which the pituitary gland releases too much adrenocorticotropic hormone (ATCH). The pituitary gland is an organ of the endocrine system. Cushing's disease is a form of Cushing syndrome. Causes Cushing's disease is caused by a tumor or excess growth (hyperp...
  2. Cutaneous anthrax Cutaneous anthrax
    Cutaneous anthrax is an infection of the skin due to direct contact with the bacteria Bacillus anthracis . Causes Anthrax is caused by the bacteria Bacillus anthracis. While anthrax commonly affects hoofed animals such as sheep and goats, humans may get sick from anthrax, too. The most common type...
  3. Cutaneous candidiasis Cutaneous candidiasis
    Cutaneous candidiasis is infection of the skin with candida fungus. Causes The body normally hosts a variety of microorganisms, including bacteria and fungi. Some of these are useful to the body, some produce no harm or benefit, and some can cause harmful infections. Fungal infections are caused by...
  4. Cutaneous skin tags Cutaneous skin tags
    Cutaneous skin tags are small, usually harmless (benign) skin growths. Causes Cutaneous tags are very common skin growths. They usually occur after midlife and are usually harmless and noncancerous (benign). The tag sticks out of the skin and may have a short, narrow stalk connecting it to the surf...
  5. Cuts and puncture wounds Cuts and puncture wounds
    A cut or laceration is an injury that results in a break or opening in the skin. It may be near the surface or deep, smooth or jagged. It may injure deep tissues, such as tendons, muscles, ligaments, nerves, blood vessels, or bone. A puncture is a wound made by a pointed object (like a nail, knife, ...
  6. Cyanotic heart disease Cyanotic heart disease
    Cyanotic heart disease is a heart defect, present at birth (congenital), that results in low blood oxygen levels. There may be more than one defect. Causes Normally, blood returns from the body and flows through the heart and lungs. It will then leave the heart with enough oxygen to supply the body...
  7. Cyclothymic disorder Cyclothymic disorder
    Cyclothymic disorder is a mild form of bipolar disorder (manic depressive illness) in which a person has mood swings over a period of years that go from mild depression to euphoria and excitement. Causes The causes of cyclothymic disorder are unknown. Major depression, bipolar disorder, and cycloth...
  8. Cyst Cyst
    A cyst is a closed pocket or pouch of tissue. It can be filled with air, fluid, pus, or other material. Considerations Cysts may form within any tissue in the body. Cysts within the lung generally are air-filled, while cysts involving the lymph system or kidneys are fluid-filled. Certain parasites,...
  9. Cystic fibrosis Cystic fibrosis
    Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease that causes thick, sticky mucus to build up in the lungs and digestive tract. It is one of the most common chronic lung diseases in children and young adults, and may result in early death. See also: Cystic fibrosis - nutritional considerations Neonatal cy...
  10. Cystic fibrosis - nutritional considerations Cystic fibrosis - nutritional considerations
    Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a potentially life-threatening disease that causes thick, sticky mucus to build up in the lungs and digestive tract. Persons with cystic fibrosis need to eat high calorie and high protein foods throughout the day. This article discusses the nutritional needs for persons with ...
  11. Cystic hygroma Cystic hygroma
    A cystic hygroma is a mass that commonly occurs in the head and neck area. It is a birth defect. Causes A cystic hygroma occurs as the baby grows in the womb. It forms from pieces of material that carry fluid and white blood cells. Such material is called embryonic lymphatic tissue. After birth, a ...
  12. Cysticercosis Cysticercosis
    Cysticercosis is an infection by a parasite called Taenia solium (T. solium), a pork tapeworm, that creates cysts in different areas in the body. See also: Teniasis Causes Cysticercosis is caused by swallowing eggs from T. solium, which are found in contaminated food. Autoinfection is when a perso...
  13. Cystinuria Cystinuria
    Cystinuria is a condition passed down through families in which stones form in the kidney, ureter, and bladder. See also: Nephrolithiasis Causes Cystinuria is an autosomal recessive disorder, so you must inherit the faulty gene from both parents in order to have symptoms. Cystinuria is caused by t...
  14. Cystitis - acute Cystitis - acute
    Acute cystitis is a bacterial infection of the bladder or lower urinary tract. Acute means sudden or severe. See also: Cystitis - recurrent Cystitis - noninfectious Interstitial cystitis Urinary tract infection Causes Acute cystitis occurs when the lower urinary tract (urethra and bladder) ...
  15. Cystitis - noninfectious Cystitis - noninfectious
    Noninfectious cystitis is irritation of the bladder that is not caused by a urinary tract infection. Causes Noninfectious cystitis is most common in women of childbearing years. The exact cause of noninfectious cystitis is often unknown. However, it has been associated with the use of bubble baths,...