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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «C»:

  1. Chronic kidney disease Chronic kidney disease
    Chronic kidney disease is the slow loss of kidney function over time. The main function of the kidneys is to remove wastes and excess water from the body. Causes Chronic kidney disease (CKD) slowly gets worse over time. In the early stages, there may be no symptoms. The loss of function usually tak...
  2. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
    Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is cancer of a type of white blood cells called lymphocytes. See also: Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) Leukemia Causes Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) causes a slow increase in the number of white blood cells called B lymph...
  3. Chronic motor tic disorder Chronic motor tic disorder
    Chronic motor tic disorder involves quick, uncontrollable movements or vocal outbursts (but not both). Causes About 1 to 2% of the population has chronic motor tic disorder. The condition is more common than Tourette syndrome. However, it is not as common as transient tic disorder. Chronic tics may...
  4. Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)
    Chronic myelogenous leukemia is cancer that starts inside bone marrow, the soft tissue inside bones that helps form blood cells. The cancer grows from cells that produce white blood cells. See also: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) Leukemia Causes CML most oft...
  5. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common lung diseases. It makes it difficult to breathe. There are two main forms of COPD: Chronic bronchitis, defined by a long-term cough with mucus Emphysema, defined by destruction of the lungs over time Most people with COPD have ...
  6. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - adults - discharge Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - adults - discharge
    You were in the hospital to treat breathing problems that are caused by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD damages your lungs. This makes it hard to breathe and get enough oxygen. You got oxygen in the hospital to help you breathe better, and you may need to use oxygen at home. Your ...
  7. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - control drugs Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - control drugs
    Control drugs for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are drugs you take to control, or prevent, your symptoms of COPD. You must use them every day for the drugs to work. You and your doctor can make a plan for the control drugs that work for you. This plan will include when you should take...
  8. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - quick-relief drugs Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - quick-relief drugs
    Quick-relief drugs for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) work fast to help you breathe better. You take them when you are coughing or wheezing, and you are having trouble breathing. These drugs are also called "rescue" drugs. These drugs help relax the muscles of your airways. You and you...
  9. Chronic pancreatitis Chronic pancreatitis
    Chronic pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas that does not heal or improve, gets worse over time, and leads to permanent damage. Causes The pancreas is an organ located behind the stomach that produces chemicals (called enzymes) needed to digest food. It also produces the hormones insulin a...
  10. Chronic subdural hematoma Chronic subdural hematoma
    A chronic subdural hematoma is an "old" collection of blood and blood breakdown products between the surface of the brain and its outermost covering (the dura). The chronic phase of a subdural hematoma begins several weeks after the first bleeding. Causes A subdural hematoma develops when the tiny ...
  11. Chronic thyroiditis (Hashimoto’s disease) Chronic thyroiditis (Hashimoto’s disease)
    Chronic thyroiditis is swelling (inflammation) of the thyroid gland that often results in reduced thyroid function (hypothyroidism). Causes Chronic thyroiditis or Hashimoto's disease is a common thyroid gland disorder. It can occur at any age, but is most often seen in middle-aged women. It is caus...
  12. Chronic unilateral obstructive uropathy Chronic unilateral obstructive uropathy
    Chronic unilateral obstructive uropathy is a condition in which there is long-term blockage of one of the tubes (ureters) that drains urine from the kidneys. See also: Acute unilateral obstructive uropathy Acute bilateral obstructive uropathy Chronic bilateral obstructive uropathy Obstructiv...
  13. Chylomicronemia syndrome Chylomicronemia syndrome
    Chylomicronemia syndrome is a disorder passed down through families in which the body does not break down fats (lipids) correctly. This causes fat particles called chylomicrons to build up in the blood. Causes Chylomicronemia syndrome is a rare genetic disorder. It occurs when a protein (enzyme) ca...
  14. Ciliary body Ciliary body
    The ciliary body is the structure in the eye that releases a transparent liquid (called the aqueous humor) within the eye. The ciliary body also contains the ciliary muscle, which changes the shape of the lens when your eyes focus on something. This process is called accomodation. ...
  15. Circumcision Circumcision
    Circumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis. Description The health care provider will usually numb the penis with local anesthesia before the procedure starts. The numbing medicine may be injected at the base of the penis, in the shaft, or applied as a cream. There are a vari...