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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «C»:

  1. Cholesterol test Cholesterol test
    A total cholesterol test measures all the cholesterol in your blood. Cholesterol is a soft, wax-like substance found in all parts of the body. Your body needs a little bit of cholesterol to work properly. But too much cholesterol can clog your arteries and lead to heart disease. Some cholesterol is ...
  2. Chondromalacia patella Chondromalacia patella
    Chondromalacia patella is the softening and breakdown of the tissue (cartilage) that lines the underside of the kneecap (patella). It is a common cause of anterior knee pain. Causes Chondromalacia of the patella occurs in adolescents and young adults. The condition is more common in females. It can...
  3. Choosing a primary care provider Choosing a primary care provider
    A primary care provider (PCP) is a health care practitioner who sees people that have common medical problems. This person is usually a doctor, but may be a physician assistant or a nurse practitioner. Your PCP is often involved in your care for a long time, so it is important to select someone with...
  4. Choriocarcinoma Choriocarcinoma
    Choriocarcinoma is a quick-growing form of cancer that occurs in a woman's uterus (womb). The abnormal cells start in the tissue that would normally become the placenta, the organ that develops during pregnancy to feed the fetus. Choriocarcinoma is a type of gestational trophoblastic disease. See al...
  5. Chorionic villus sampling Chorionic villus sampling
    Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) is the removal of a small piece of placenta tissue (chorionic villi) from the uterus during early pregnancy to screen the baby for genetic defects. How the Test is Performed CVS can be done through the cervix (transcervical) or through the abdomen (transabdominal). T...
  6. Choroid Choroid
    The choroid is the layer of blood vessels and connective tissue between the sclera (white of the eye) and retina. It is part of the uvea and supplies nutrients to the inner parts of the eye. Inflammation of the choroid is called choroiditis. ...
  7. Choroidal dystrophies Choroidal dystrophies
    Choroidal dystrophy is an eye disorder involving the choroid, a layer of blood vessels between the sclera and retina. Causes Choroidal dystrophies are usually due to an abnormal gene (hereditary). It usually affects males, starting in childhood. Symptoms The first symptoms are peripheral vision los...
  8. Chromium in diet Chromium in diet
    Chromium is an essential mineral that is not made by the body and must be obtained from the diet. Function Chromium is important in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. Chromium stimulates fatty acid and cholesterol synthesis, which are important for brain function and other body processes. Ch...
  9. Chromosome Chromosome
    Chromosomes are long pieces of DNA found in the center (nucleus) of cells. DNA is the material that holds genes. It is considered the building block of the human body. Information Chromosomes come in pairs. Normally, each cell in the human body has 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total chromosomes). Ha...
  10. Chronic Chronic
    Chronic refers to something that continues or persists over an extended period of time. A chronic condition is usually long-lasting and does not easily or quickly go away. Chronic is the opposite of acute....
  11. Chronic bilateral obstructive uropathy Chronic bilateral obstructive uropathy
    Chronic bilateral obstructive uropathy is a long-term blockage of urine flow from both kidneys. It is a slow blockage that gets worse over time. Bilateral means "both sides." See also: Chronic unilateral obstructive uropathy Acute unilateral obstructive uropathy Acute bilateral obstructive ur...
  12. Chronic cholecystitis Chronic cholecystitis
    Chronic cholecystitis is long-standing swelling and irritation of the gallbladder. Causes Chronic cholecystitis is usually caused by repeated attacks of acute cholecystitis. This leads to thickening of the gallbladder walls. The gallbladder begins to shrink and eventually loses the ability to perfo...
  13. Chronic fatigue syndrome Chronic fatigue syndrome
    Chronic fatigue syndrome is a condition of prolonged and severe tiredness or weariness (fatigue) that is not relieved by rest and is not directly caused by other conditions. See also: Fatigue Causes The exact cause of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is unknown. Some researchers suspect it may be ca...
  14. Chronic granulomatous disease Chronic granulomatous disease
    Chronic granulomatous disease is an inherited disorder in which immune system cells called phagocytes do not function properly. This leads to ongoing infection. Causes In chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), phagocytic cells are unable to kill certain bacteria and fungi. This leads to long term (ch...
  15. Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy
    Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy is nerve swelling and irritation (inflammation) that leads to a loss of movement or sensation. Causes Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy is a common type of damage to nerves outside the brain or spinal cord (peripheral neuropathy). Polyneuropathy means several n...