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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «C»:

  1. C-reactive protein C-reactive protein
    C-reactive protein is produced by the liver. The level of CRP rises when there is inflammation throughout the body. This article discusses the blood test done to measures the amount of CRP in your blood. How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the...
  2. C-section C-section
    A C-section, also called a cesarean section, is the delivery of a baby through a surgical opening in the lower belly area. Description A C-section delivery is performed when a vaginal birth is not possible or is not safe for the mother or child. Surgery is usually done while the woman is awake but ...
  3. C1 esterase inhibitor C1 esterase inhibitor
    C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH) is a protein found in the fluid part of your blood that controls C1, the first component of the complement system. The complement system is a group of proteins that move freely through your bloodstream. The proteins work with your immune system and play a role in the d...
  4. CA-125 CA-125
    CA-125 is a test used to evaluate ovarian cancer treatment. CA-125 is a protein that is found more in ovarian cancer cells than in other cells. This protein enters the bloodstream and can be measured by a blood test. There are two CA-125 tests: a first generation test and a second generation test. T...
  5. Caffeine in the diet Caffeine in the diet
    Caffeine is a substance that exists naturally in certain plants. It can also be produced synthetically and used as an additive in food products. It is a central nervous system stimulant and a diuretic. Function Caffeine is absorbed and distributed very quickly. After absorption, it passes into the ...
  6. Caffeine overdose Caffeine overdose
    Caffeine is a substance that exists naturally in certain plants. It can also be produced synthetically and used as an additive in food products. It is a central nervous system stimulant and a diuretic, which means it increases urination. Caffeine overdose occurs when someone accidentally or intentio...
  7. Caladium plant poisoning Caladium plant poisoning
    This article describes poisoning caused by eating parts of the Caladium plant and other plants belonging to the Araceae family. This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you have an exposure, you should call your local emergency numb...
  8. Calcification Calcification
    Calcification is a process in which calcium builds up in body tissue, causing the tissue to harden. This can be a normal or abnormal process. Information Ninety-nine percent (99%) of calcium entering the body is deposited in bones and teeth. The remaining calcium dissolves in the blood. When a diso...
  9. Calcitonin Calcitonin
    Calcitonin is a test that measures the amount of the hormone calcitonin in the blood. How the Test is Performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The site is cleaned with germ-killing medicine (antiseptic). The health care provider w...
  10. Calcium - blood test Calcium - blood test
    All cells need calcium in order to work. Calcium helps build strong bones and teeth. It is important for heart function, and helps with muscle contraction, nerve signaling, and blood clotting. This article discusses the test to measure the total amount of calcium in your blood. Calcium can also be m...
  11. Calcium - ionized Calcium - ionized
    Ionized calcium is calcium that is freely flowing in your blood and not attached to proteins. It is also called free calcium. All cells need calcium in order to work. Calcium helps build strong bones and teeth. It is important for heart function, and helps with muscle contraction, nerve signaling, a...
  12. Calcium - urine Calcium - urine
    This test measures the amount of calcium in urine. All cells need calcium in order to work. Calcium helps build strong bones and teeth. It is important for heart function, and helps with muscle contraction, nerve signaling, and blood clotting. See also: Calcium - blood How the Test is Performed A ...
  13. Calcium and bones Calcium and bones
    Calcium and phosphate are two minerals that are essential for normal bone formation. Throughout youth, your body uses these minerals to produce bones. If you do not get enough calcium, or if your body does not absorb enough calcium from the diet, bone production and bone tissues may suffer. As you a...
  14. Calcium channel blocker overdose Calcium channel blocker overdose
    Calcium channel blockers are a class of medication used to treat high blood pressure. Calcium channel blocker overdose occurs when someone accidentally or intentionally takes more than the normal or recommended amount of this medication. This is for information only and not for use in the treatment ...
  15. Calcium in diet Calcium in diet
    Calcium is the most plentiful mineral found in the human body. The teeth and bones contain the most calcium (about 99%). Nerve cells, body tissues, blood, and other body fluids contain the remaining calcium. Function Calcium is one of the most important minerals for the growth, maintenance, and rep...