Diseases & conditions A-Z List
Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «A»:
An arteriogram is an imaging test that uses x-rays and a special dye to see inside the arteries. It can be used to see arteries in the heart, brain, kidney, and many other parts of the body.
The procedure is often called angiography.
Arteriovenous malformation - cerebral
A cerebral arteriovenous malformation is an abnormal connection between the arteries and veins in the brain that usually forms before birth.
The cause of cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is unknown. The condition occurs when arteries in the brain connect directly to nearby veins wit...
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints, which results in pain, swelling, stiffness, and limited movement. There are over 100 different types of arthritis.
See also: Joint pain
Arthritis involves the breakdown of cartilage. Cartilage normally protects the joint, allowing for smooth ...
Arthritis - resources
The following organizations provide more information on arthritis:
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons -http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00208
Arthritis Foundation - www.arthritis.org
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion - www.cdc.gov/arthritis/
Arthroscopy is a method of viewing a joint, and, if needed, to perform surgery on a joint. An arthroscope consists of a tiny tube, a lens, and a light source.
Rotator cuff repair
How the Test is Performed
This procedure is typically performed ...
Arthroscopy is surgery that is done using a tiny camera on the end of a tube to check for and treat joint problems.
Rotator cuff repair
This procedure is typically done on the knee, hip, ankle, shoulder, elbow, or wrist.
Asbestos-related pleural effusion
Asbestos-related pleural effusion is a collection of fluid around the lung that generally develops a few years after asbestos exposure. The fluid collection is not harmful and usually goes away on its own.
See: Pleural effusion
Pleural effusion - asbestos-related...
Asbestosis is a respiratory disease brought on by inhaling asbestos fibers.
Inhaling asbestos fibers can cause scar tissue (fibrosis) to form inside the lung. Scarred lung tissue does not expand and contract normally, and cannot perform gas exchange.
The severity of the disease depends on ho...
Ascariasis is infection with the parasitic roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides.
Ascariasis is caused by consuming food or drink contaminated with roundworm eggs. Ascariasis is the most common intestinal worm infection. It is found in association with poor personal hygiene, poor sanitation, and in...
Ascites is excess fluid in the space between the tissues lining the abdomen and abdominal organs (the peritoneal cavity).
A person with ascites usually has severe liver disease. Ascites due to liver disease is caused by high pressure in the blood vessels of the liver (portal hypertension) an...
Aseptic meningitis is an illness that appears similar to bacterial meningitis; however, bacteria do not grow in cultures of the fluid around the brain and spinal cord (cerebrospinal fluid).
Meningitis - cryptococcal
Meningitis - gram-negative
Meningitis - H. influenzae
Asherman syndrome is the formation of intrauterine adhesions, which typically result from scars that develop after uterine surgery.
Asherman syndrome is a rare condition. In most cases, it occurs in women who have had several dilatation and curettage (D&C) procedures.
A severe pelvic inf...
Aspartic acid, also called asparaginic acid, is one of the nonessential amino acids. "Nonessential" means that our bodies produce it even if we don't get this amino acid from the food we eat.
Amino acids are the building blocks for proteins. Proteins have many functions in our bodies. Enzymes are a ...
Asperger syndrome is often considered a high functioning form of autism. People with this syndrome have difficulty interacting socially, repeat behaviors, and often are clumsy. Motor milestones may be delayed.
Hans Asperger labeled this disorder "autistic psychopathy" in 1944. The exact caus...
Aspergillosis is an infection, growth, or allergic response due to the Aspergillus fungus.
Aspergillosis is caused by a fungus (Aspergillus), which is commonly found growing on dead leaves, stored grain, compost piles, or in other decaying vegetation. It can also be found on marijuana.