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Diseases & conditions A-Z List

Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «A»:

  1. Aarskog syndrome Aarskog syndrome
    Aarskog syndrome is an inherited disease that affects a person's height, muscles, skeleton, genitals, and appearance of the face. Inherited means that it is passed down through families. Causes Aarskog syndrome is a genetic disorder that is linked to the X chromosome. It affects mainly males, but f...
  2. Aase syndrome Aase syndrome
    Aase syndrome is a rare disorder that involves anemia and certain joint and skeletal deformities. Causes Most cases of Aase syndrome occur without a known reason and are not passed down through families (inherited). However, some cases have been shown to be inherited. The anemia in Aase syndrome is...
  3. Abdomen - swollen Abdomen - swollen
    A swollen abdomen is when your belly area is bigger than usual. See also: Abdominal girth Considerations Abdominal swelling, or distention, is a common condition, which usually results from over-eating, rather than from a serious illness. Simple weight gain, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), pregnancy,...
  4. Abdominal aortic aneurysm Abdominal aortic aneurysm
    An abdominal aortic aneurysm is when the large blood vessel that supplies blood to the abdomen, pelvis, and legs becomes abnormally large or balloons outward. Causes The exact cause is unknown, but risk factors for developing an aortic aneurysm include: Smoking High blood pressure High cholester...
  5. Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair - open Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair - open
    Open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is surgery to fix a widened part (or aneurysm) in your aorta, the large artery that carries blood to your belly (abdomen), pelvis, and legs. An aortic aneurysm is when part of this artery becomes too large or balloons outward. Your surgeon opens up your belly a...
  6. Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair - open - discharge Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair - open - discharge
    You had open aortic aneurysm repair to repair an aneurysm (a widened part) in your aorta, the large artery that carries blood to your belly (abdomen), pelvis, and legs. You have a 5- to 6-inch cut either in the middle of your belly or on the left side of your belly. Your surgeon repaired your aorta ...
  7. Abdominal bloating Abdominal bloating
    Abdominal bloating is a condition in which the abdomen (belly) feels full and tight. The abdomen may be visibly swollen (distended). Causes Common causes include: Air swallowing (a nervous habit) Constipation Gastroesophageal reflux Irritable bowel syndrome Lactose intolerance and other food ...
  8. Abdominal CT scan Abdominal CT scan
    An abdominal CT scan is an imaging method that uses x-rays to create cross-sectional pictures of the belly area. CT stands for computed tomography. See also: CT scan How the Test is Performed You will be asked to lie on a narrow table that slides into the center of the CT scanner. Usually, you wil...
  9. Abdominal exploration Abdominal exploration
    Abdominal exploration is surgery to examine the contents of the abdomen. Surgery that opens the abdomen is called a laparotomy. Laparotomy may also be done to treat certain health problems and conditions. Description An abdominal exploration (laparotomy) is done while you are under general anesthes...
  10. Abdominal film Abdominal film
    Abdominal films are x-ray images of the abdomen. How the Test is Performed The test is performed in a hospital radiology department or in the health care provider's office by an x-ray technologist. You lie on your back on the x-ray table. The x-ray machine is positioned over your abdominal area. Yo...
  11. Abdominal girth Abdominal girth
    Abdominal girth is the measurement of the distance around the abdomen at a specific point, usually at the level of the belly button (navel). Measuring abdominal girth is used to diagnose and monitor the following: Buildup of fluid in the abdomen, most often caused by liver failure or heart failure ...
  12. Abdominal mass Abdominal mass
    An abdominal mass is swelling in one specific part of the belly area (abdomen). Considerations An abdominal mass is usually detected on routine physical examination. Most of the time they develop slowly. You may not be able to feel the mass. Where the pain occurs helps the doctor make a diagnosis. ...
  13. Abdominal MRI scan Abdominal MRI scan
    A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the abdomen is a noninvasive method to create detailed pictures of the inside of the belly area. Unlike x-rays and computed tomographic (CT) scans, which use radiation, MRI uses powerful magnets and radio waves. The MRI scanner contains the magnet. The magn...
  14. Abdominal pain Abdominal pain
    Abdominal pain is pain that you feel anywhere between your chest and groin. This is often referred to as the stomach region or belly. Considerations Almost everyone experiences pain in the abdomen at one time or another. Most of the time, it is not caused by a serious medical problem. There are man...
  15. Abdominal radiation - discharge Abdominal radiation - discharge
    When you have radiation treatment for cancer, your body goes through some changes. Two weeks after radiation treatment starts, you might have changes in your skin. Your skin and mouth may turn red. Your skin might start to peel or get dark. Your skin may itch. Most of these symptoms will go away aft...